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saxena caste belong to which category

[10] Some converted to Islam and formed the Muslim Kayasth community in northern India. [5] The suffix -vanshi is Sanskrit and translates as belonging to a particular family dynasty. According to Saxena tradition, their name is from Sanskrit sakhisena ‘friend of the army’, a title awarded to them by the kings of Srinagar. Daten über Ihr Gerät und Ihre Internetverbindung, darunter Ihre IP-Adresse, Such- und Browsingaktivität bei Ihrer Nutzung der Websites und Apps von Verizon Media. [19], At least some Chitraguptavanshi subcastes seem to have formed by the 11th or 12th centuries, evidenced by various names being used to describe them in inscriptions. [16], The Kayasthas today mostly inhabit central, eastern, northern India, and particularly Bengal. In 1911, for example, Bengali Kayasthas and Bengali Brahmins owned 40% of all the Indian-owned mills, mines and factories in Bengal. [23] According to Tej Ram Sharma, an Indian historian, the Kayasthas of Bengal had not yet developed into a distinct caste during the reign of the Gupta Empire, although the office of the Kayastha (scribe) had been instituted before the beginning of the period, as evidenced from the contemporary Smritis. Originally the professions of Kayastha (scribe) and Vaidya (physician) were not restricted and could be followed by people of different varnas including the brahmanas. Closer to Bengal country, though, the legal rulings tended to assign a shudra status. Bengali Kayasthas had been the dominant landholding caste prior to the Muslim conquest, and continued this role under Muslim rule. Thus, the Kayasthas were accorded a dual caste, Brahmin (learned)/Kshatriya (warrior). They most likely gained the characteristics of a caste under the Sena dynasty. Indian caste system is the best system to solve the problem of division of labor. Dazu gehört der Widerspruch gegen die Verarbeitung Ihrer Daten durch Partner für deren berechtigte Interessen. Thus, particularly since the 1990 report of the Mandal Commission on reservation, Kayastha organisations have been active in areas such as Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Bengal and Orissa. It is said that after Lord Brahma had created the four Varnas (Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras), Yama requested Lord Brahma to help him record the deeds, good and evil, of men, and administer justice. The Kayastha along with the Bhumihars were first among the shudras to attain the recognition as "upper caste" leaving the other aspirational castes to aspire for the same. Notable people bearing it include: Abha Saxena, the Coordinator of the Global Health Ethics Unit of the WHO in Geneva Abhishek Saxena, Indian Bollywood and Punjabi film director There are already 1,033 users and 4,104 genealogy profiles with the Saxena surname on Geni. [6], The Chitraguptavanshi Kayasthas of Northern India are named thus because they have a myth of origin that says they descend from the 12 sons of the Hindu god Chitragupta, the product of his marriages to Devi Shobhavati and Devi Nandini. [21][22], In eastern India, Bengali Kayasthas are believed to have evolved from a class of officials into a caste between the 5th/6th centuries and 11th/12th centuries, its component elements being putative Kshatriyas and mostly Brahmins. [32][clarification needed] Some specialised as scribes, keepers of public records and accounts, and administrators of the state. Of the various regional Kayastha communities it was those of north India who remained most aligned to their role of scribes, whereas in other areas there became more emphasis on commerce. [31], The Raj era rulings were based largely upon the theories of Herbert Hope Risley, who had conducted extensive studies on castes and tribes of the Bengal Presidency. Other Backward Class (OBC) is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are educationally or socially disadvantaged. [24], In Maharashtra, Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhus (CKP) claim descent from the warrior Chandrasen. Below of list of Scheduled Caste communities and their population according to the 2011 Census of India in Uttar Pradesh. Some specialised as scribes, keepers of public records and accounts, and administrators of the state. [11], Bengali Kayasthas served as treasury officials and wazirs (government ministers) under Mughal rule. [27], As the Kayasthas are a non-cohesive group with regional differences rather than a single caste, their position in the Hindu varna system of ritual classification has not been uniform. [28], Earlier, in Bihar, in 1811-12, Botanist and Zoologist, Francis Buchanan had recorded the Kayastha of that region as "pure shudra" and accordingly kept them at the par with other producer caste groups like goldsmiths, Ahirs, Kurmis and the Koeris. In modern times, some have attained success in politics, as well as in the arts and various professional fields. [33][full citation needed][34], In post-Raj assessments, the Bengali Kayasthas, alongside Bengali Brahmins, have been described as the "highest Hindu castes". Rowe's opinion has been challenged, with claims that it is based on "factual and interpretative errors", and criticised for making "unquestioned assumptions" about the Kayastha sanskritisation and westernisation movement. According to Saxena tradition, their name is from Sanskrit sakhisena ‘friend of the army’, a title awarded to them by the kings of Srinagar. The education and economic advancement made by some of the former Shudra castes enabled them to seek the higher prestige and varna status. Sie können Ihre Einstellungen jederzeit ändern. General caste list in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, west Bengal, Orissa, tamilnadu, Punjab other state of India. Sharma further states:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, Noticing brahmanic names with a large number of modern Bengali Kayastha cognomens in several early epigraphs discovered in Bengal, some scholars have suggested that there is a considerable brahmana element in the present day Kayastha community of Bengal. Since as early as Medieval India, Kayasthas occupied high government offices, serving as ministers and advisors of the middle kingdoms of India and the Mughal Empire, and holding important administrative positions during the British Raj. These groups are aligning themselves with various political parties to gain political and economic advantages; by 2009 they were demanding 33 percent reservation in government jobs. [35] After the Muslim conquest of India, they absorbed remnants of Bengal's old Hindu ruling dynasties—including the Sena, Pala, Chandra, and Varman—and, in this way, became the region's surrogate kshatriya or "warrior" class. Wir und unsere Partner nutzen Cookies und ähnliche Technik, um Daten auf Ihrem Gerät zu speichern und/oder darauf zuzugreifen, für folgende Zwecke: um personalisierte Werbung und Inhalte zu zeigen, zur Messung von Anzeigen und Inhalten, um mehr über die Zielgruppe zu erfahren sowie für die Entwicklung von Produkten. However, many of these adopted Vaishnavism in the aim to become Kshatriya. William Pinch, in his study of Ramanandi Sampradaya in the north describes the emergence of the concept of "pure shudra" in growing need of physical contact with some of the low caste groups who were producer and seller of essential commodities or were the provider of services without which the self sufficiency of rural society couldn't persist.

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